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Viewings: 3551At all times people believed that the Earth is the satellite, the Moon. And only recently emerged evidence that the Moon is not the only natural satellite of the planet. In the myths of ancient times, you can find information about the fall of a cosmic body. Some researchers see in this event, the answer to the mystery of the legendary Atlantis.
In the North of Argentina is the Campo del Cielo - "sky box". This name recalls an ancient Indian legend, which tells how on this place, and there fell from heaven a mysterious fireball. Old Chronicles say that the Spanish conquistadors found on the Campo del Cielo a huge piece of iron, which is used for the manufacture of swords and spears.
In 1576, the Spaniard Erman Mexico de Miraval among swampy lowlands of the Gran Chaco, five hundred miles North of Santa Fe, came across a large iron block. After this enterprising Spaniard four more times went back to the rock for iron and repelled from her small fragments for different needs. The fifth and last expedition to the iron block organized don Rubin de Celis in 1783. He estimated the mass of an object approximately fifteen tons. Detailed explanation of this strange blocks have not survived, and more nobody has seen her, although attempts to find it was made more than once, and still dream to find a mysterious object excites the imagination adventurers.
In 1803 in the area of Campo del Cielo was accidentally discovered a meteorite weighing about a ton. The largest fragment weighing about 635 kg in 1813 delivered in Buenos Aires, and later it was acquired by Englishman sir Woodbine Dares and presented to the British Museum. This large stone space of iron is still resting on the pedestal in front of the entrance to the Museum. Part of its surface specially polished, so you can see the structure of the metal with the so-called "figures of Widmanstatten"that bear evidence of extraterrestrial origin of the object. Other fragments of the meteorite lost.
Meanwhile, around the Campo del Cielo still continue to find meteorites and strange iron fragments weighing up to many tons. The largest of which weighed 33.4 tons. He was found in 1980 near the town Gancedo. American researcher of meteorites Robert hag wanted to get this snippet to take it in the US, but the Argentine authorities have resisted this. To date, this meteorite is the second largest among all detected on Earth meteorites - after the so-called "hoba meteorite", weighing about 60 tons.
An unusually large number of meteorites found on a relatively small area, shows that several thousand years ago over the Earth was shed a "meteorite rain". Evidence of this, except finds themselves iron bodies, is the large number of craters in the Campo del Cielo. "Meteor field" has the shape of an ellipse, stretching 17 kilometers along and 6 kilometers wide. The largest crater is Laguna Negra: he has a diameter of 115 metres, and the depth - more than two meters.
Legends and finds Campo del Cielo in 1961 became interested in American scientist from the University of Columbia U. Cassidy. In the result of undertaken research revealed a large number of small metallic meteorites, called hexadecimal consisting from almost chemically pure iron. The scientist paid attention to the strange fact: usually in the explosion of a large meteorite in the atmosphere of its fragments fall to the Ground, scattering by an ellipse with a maximum diameter of 1600 meters. And the Campo del Cielo length diameter is 17 miles!
The preliminary findings of the research Cassidy caused a sensation. To him immediately came hundreds of volunteers. In the result of their search new fragments of the meteorite iron were found even at the distance of 75 miles og "Heavenly fields!
The final conclusion came expedition Cassidy, was this: a huge meteorite caught on Earth from the solar orbit. Before the fall of this celestial body turned in an elliptical earth orbit, gradually approaching the Earth. That is, for a long time this body was the second natural satellite of the Earth!
According to this hypothesis, "Luna-2" was gradually closer to the Ground by the force of gravity, while not crossed the so-called "border Rocher" and not fell apart. These fragments for some time turned into low earth orbit, and then entered the atmosphere and in turn began to fall on the surface of the Earth. The efforts of Cassidy exagerate were found even at a distance of about a thousand kilometers to the West from the Campo del Cielo, in Chile.
When the same happened this cosmic catastrophe? Found in its place a charred stump of a tree is the result of a giant fire caused by meteorite bombardment, - has an age of about 5800 years.
...Some six or seven thousand years ago in the night sky over the Earth, you could see two moons. And then... then probably happened the same catastrophe, of which tell the legends and myths of many peoples of the world: "Stars fell from the heavens in order to obliterate the fiery sky train, the earth rumbled, shook and cracked, shaken by tremors. The world was collapsing". The consequences of the disaster became shift the earth's axis at 30 degrees, tectonic shifts and possibly flooding large areas of land. And maybe that's the plain Campo del Cielo lies the answer to the mystery of Atlantis?
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