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Технологии друидовOur knowledge of Celtic culture are based on archaeological evidence. How would cvetasto and reliably may seem literary sources, it is reasonable to continue our brief evaluation of the environment is being druids in terms of the scale of reliability offered by Haysom. So let's start with technology issues, what archaeology can tell us the most reliable and immediate way.

Location iron ingots

Technological methods and the possibility of all peoples depend primarily on their ability to use raw materials. However, of all the available natural resources person chooses only those that can be included in the economy and way of life of a community, that is, those that are socially desirable and acceptable. In economies with relatively static technology, may very well fit, use only a subset of the available natural resources, which applies from generation to generation. In the same economy, where there is a tradition of practical experimentation and innovation, people are finding new opportunities and exploit them. Community, using stone tools and unfamiliar with metallurgy, deposits of copper, tin, and iron ore are not only interesting, but how in the world would not exist. For hunters the concept of good fertile soil pointless.

The last few centuries BC and barbaric, and civilized societies in Europe have used the same natural resources, and the degree and effectiveness of their use was controlled social and technological competence. The Greeks and Romans, Scythians and Celts and other Nations of almost simultaneously arrived at such a stage of technology development, when for the manufacture of military weapons and tools were used iron. According to the classification of the past, existing since the XIX century, all of them were in the iron age. Barbarian Europe, the Aegean sea used iron from the VII century BC, viplala metal from the ore extracted from the earth or from the bog sediments. During the time of the Celtic druids in the world was established regular trading characteristic double-toothed metal ingots. There is even a suggestion that the emergence of rich renacentistas culture Rhineland in V century BC may be associated with the trade of iron aboriginal exploited the field.

Blacksmithing played a very important role in the Celtic world, and were distributed not only knives, axes, or scissors of the same type, but more sophisticated products, bearing in addition to the more utilitarian and decorative nature. Such were, for example, the chain on which hung over an open fire bronze cauldrons, or stand for firewood in the centers. Gunsmiths were using iron for the manufacture of swords, spears and protective linings PA wooden boards. They sometimes received the steel, dolisa in the process of forging iron coal, but it was rather random, and not deliberately-experimental nature, as in other more developed civilizations.

For the production of bronze always wanted the copper and tin. Craftsmen made from it boilers, bowls, bottles, mirrors, jewelry and even sculptures and ceremonial weapons: helmets, arm sword, scabbard, pads yesterday and parts of horse harness. While iron ore met in abundance, reserves of copper and tin were very limited, so and trading of ores and products of them created many problems. Jewelry and pieces front utensils often made of gold and silver, but from the II century B.C. in turnover went Celtic coins from these metals. Bronze ware were sometimes decorated with colored enamel. This technique is most likely came from Sarmatia and Eastern regions of the Caucasus. On skill Celtic craftsmen metal wasn't far behind her Greek and Roman brethren, and were almost equal to the metallurgists and the Smiths medieval Northern Europe.

Location of the iron supports for firewood and chains "Prut-ring" for boilers

Of minerals other than metal ores special mention should be called salt, which was also produced by the evaporation of salty water sources, and on the coast by evaporation of sea water. Salt from the inland reserves were extracted in Europe for many centuries. She herself was a valuable subject of trade and exchange, and made possible the preservation of food products and trade in smoked fish and meat (salt pork and smoked foods). Gallium from Roman times were famous for their bacon. To make pottery was widely used clay. It was a rough molded products of rural residents, and pottery craftsmen are made on a Potter's wheel. However, bricks and tiles, in baked clay Celts was the building of burnt bricks, cement or concrete was reaching the Mediterranean world at that time.

Widely for grinding grain was used suitable coarse-grained Sandstone. Was made manual rotary (rotary) mill that was used in each farm. The technology of using these mills rotational and not progressive (forward and backward) motion appeared in the barbarian world, even in Britain, around the second century BC In all the areas, where the rock was, it was used usually robotically, without cement for the construction of dwellings and defensive structures.
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