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Viewings: 5749They say geniuses sent to Earth Heaven. Each -- with its own special priority task. But Nikola Tesla God sent, probably too early.
Tesla. Nikola Tesla. Nikola Tesla
When his time will come?
New York, East Houston street, 48. At this address lived strange scientist, unsociable, with feverish black eyes. There were rumors that he was "a relative count Dracula" and he's a vampire, not tolerate sunlight... And I was told that he created the weapon, able to pieces explode globe. Nikola Tesla .
Actually Nikola Tesla had nothing to do with Dracula. On the contrary, he was born in the family of an Orthodox priest. And sunlight, indeed avoided -- because often come under the influence of strong electromagnetic fields and his nerves were particularly sensitive. Bright light was hurting the eyes, the faint rustling sound like thunder. But he could see in the dark.
Rumors of destructive weapons are not born in a vacuum. Once Tesla conducted a series of experiments studying the processes of self-oscillations. And suddenly shook tables and wardrobes in the laboratory. Then he rattled the Windows... people on the streets heard a low rumble. Vibrated the building fell from glass Windows, burst gas and heating pipes, water pipes. It was a Great new York earthquake. They say that the city lay in ruins not only because Tesla time off the appliance. However, the official science claims that the experiment just coincided with natural disasters. But there is another opinion -- the tremors caused the work to install it. This possibility does not seem absolutely incredible. We are talking about Nikola Tesla !
Nikola Tesla - the greatest inventor undeservedly rarely remembered in physics textbooks.
He opened the alternating current, fluorescent light, wireless power transmission, built the first electric clock, turbine engine with solar energy.
He invented the radio before Marconi and Popov, three-phase current before Dolivo-Dobrovolsky.
On its patents, in fact, increased the whole energy of the twentieth century. But this was not enough. Tesla decades worked on the problem of energy throughout the Universe.
Studied that moves the sun and stars. Tried to learn to control himself cosmic energy. And links other worlds. All that Tesla did not consider its merit. Asserted that simply acts as a conductor of ideas coming out of the ether.
Permanent - well, variable -- better
Brilliant inventor was born in Serbia in the village of Smilyan July 9, 1856 Already in his youth Tesla looked demonic: tall, skinny, sunken cheeks, gaze burning eyes. From childhood pursued a strange vision: flashes of light invisible to the other. He sometimes for hours immersed in the contemplation of some other, unknown worlds, such bright that confuse them with reality. From this madness born almost completely rational technical ideas. Especially fond of the boy electricity. That fiery zigzags dissect the sky and fell tender sparks hair caressed the cat.
Father saw his son, the future priest. But contrary to his will Nikola went to study at the Higher technical school of Graz (Austria), then at the University of Prague. In his second year he had the idea of induction generator of an alternating current. Professor, with whom Tesla shared idea, thought it was nonsense. But this conclusion is only spurred the inventor, and in 1882, already working in Paris, he built a working model. In 1884, Tesla went to conquer America. To Thomas Edison - a recommendation from Paris's friend: "I know two great men. One of them is you, the other is this young man".
To new York Nicola was getting adventurous. First of all it was robbed. In America the hungry traveler arrived without Luggage, with four cents in his pocket.
And immediately realized that this is a country of great opportunities: I saw on Broadway people trying to fix the motor, and then earned $20. Edison took the young electrical engineer in the company, but friction between inventors began immediately. Because they have different approaches to solving creative tasks.
Edison liked only that it would be a profit immediately. Tesla engaged in that is interested. All works of famous American based on direct current. And here some Serb with eyed about interpreting the current variable. Edison tried so hard to prove the danger of Tesla's ideas , which did not hesitate to openly kill AC dog. But it did not help. Won -- we know that. After all the wires in our apartments and now runs an alternating current.
Free son of ether
But the main cause of the break was... divergence of views on the origin of electricity. Edison held popular theory "motion of charged particles", the Tesla had a different vision.
In his theory of electricity was the basic concept of the ether - a kind of invisible substance that fills the whole world and transmitting vibrations at a rate many times greater than the speed of light. Every inch of space, Tesla believed, full of boundless, infinite energy, which only need to be able to extract.
Theorists of modern physics and failed to give an interpretation of the views of Tesla on the physical reality. Why he did not formulate his theory? Whether he was the spiritual forerunner of a new civilization, in which the only inexhaustible source of energy will be different levels of asynchronous physical processes, that is the very Time?
After breaking with Edison, Tesla took to his famous industrialist George Westinghouse, the founder of the company "Westinghouse electric". In the process of work at the company, he obtained patents on multiphase electric machinery, the asynchronous electric motor and the transmission system through a multiphase alternating current.
And at the same time developing new, unprecedented ways of transmission of energy. As we plug an appliance to the network? Plug - i.e. two conductors.
If you connect only one, the current will not be - the chain is not closed. And Tesla demonstrated the transfer of power on one wire. Or no wires.
During his lecture about high frequency electromagnetic field before scientists of the Royal Academy, he switched on and off remotely motor in his hands themselves lit light bulbs. Some even spiral was not just an empty bottle. Came in 1892! After the lecture, a physicist John Rayleigh invited Tesla office and solemnly, pointing to a chair, "Sit down, please. This chair great Faraday. After his death, no one was sitting."
Visitors of the world exhibition of 1893 in Chicago with horror, as a thin, nervous scientist with a funny name daily pass through itself the current tension in two million volts. The idea is that the experimenter should not stay and coals. A Tesla smiled as if nothing had happened, and in his hands were burning bright bulbs. This we now know that kills not the voltage and current, and that the high-frequency current is only on the surface cover. Then the trick seemed a miracle.
This mad inventor
In 1895, Westinghouse has put into operation the largest in the world Niagara HPP. Worked on it a powerful generators, Tesla . At the same time the inventor has designed a number of controlled self-propelled machinery - "teleavtomatov". In Madison Square garden, he demonstrated remote control of small boats. People thought it was witchcraft. Those who managed to visit the laboratory of Tesla, recall with horror as the inventor juggled in the air glowing blobs of energy -- ball lightning -- and put them in a suitcase. In 1898 Tesla attached a device to the iron beam in the attic of the building, which housed the laboratory. Soon began to vibrate the walls of the surrounding houses and people in panic rushed into the street. Of course, this tricks "mad inventor"! The house Tesla immediately rushed journalists and police, but Tesla had time off and destroy your vibrator. "I could bring down the Brooklyn bridge for h", - he said afterwards. And assured that the Earth and can be split, only suitable vibrator and precise timing.
In the late nineteenth century in Colorado springs for Tesla experiments was built tower with a large copper sphere on top. There scientist generated potentials that were discharged lightning bolts up to 40 meters. The experiments were accompanied by thunder. Around the tower burned a huge ball of light. People on the streets frightened recoiled in horror watching between their feet and the ground slips spark. Horses received electroshock blows through the iron horseshoes. Even the butterflies "helplessly spun in circles on their wings spouting blue halos".
On metal objects were shining "St. Elmo's fire". The whole electrical extravaganza was held not to scare people.
The purpose of the experiments was different, for twenty-five miles from the tower once lit 200 light bulbs. Electric charge was transferred wirelessly through the earth.
Global communication tower
In the end loud experiments in Colorado springs destroyed the generator at the local power plant, had to return to new StOrc, where in 1900, on behalf of the banker John Pierpont Morgan, Tesla began construction of the world stations of wireless energy transfer. The project was based on the idea of resonant excitation of the ionosphere, involved the participation of 2,000 people and has received the name "Wardenclyffe".
On the island, long island, construction began on the huge scientific town. The main building was a frame tower 57 meters with a huge copper "plate" at the top of a gigantic amplification transmitter. And with a steel shaft deep into the ground at 36 meters. Trial start unprecedented construction took place in 1905 and produced a stunning effect. "Tesla lit the sky over the ocean for thousands of miles" - wrote the newspaper. The second tower to transmit wirelessly powerful streams of energy - inventor intended to build in Niagara falls. But the project required large costs. All the money the Tesla boomed in the pit.
Morgan realized that the superstation unlikely to commercial benefit. The more that 12 December 1900 Marconi sent the first transatlantic signal from Cornwall in English Canada. His communication system has been more promising.
Although Tesla in 1893, built the first wave radio transmitter, in the years ahead Marconi (in 1943, the US Supreme court confirmed the priority of Tesla ), he admitted to him that it is not interested in a relationship, and wireless transmission of power to any point of the planet.
But it is not included in the plans of Morgan, and he stopped funding. And when the first world war, the U.S. government, concerned about the possibility of using the tower enemy spies, decided to blow it. So crumbled blue dream Tesla information about the unification of the world.
Lonely flips in the alleys of the Park
After the failure of Wardenclyffe Tesla sold part of its patents for $15 million was rich and independent. Established his laboratory in new York. And devoted himself to scientific research. He wore expensive suits, was a welcome guest in any aristocratic house, on his bride peeks from the top of the circle. But Tesla avoided gala receptions, and women too. Journalists called him "lone wolf" -- for hours of walking. They stimulated a thought. Obsession Nikola Tesla science knew no bounds. To sleep, he took four hours, two of which are usually left to think of ideas. "Technical solutions do come to mind." Tesla took a patent for a patent, invention fell from the horn of plenty.
In addition to training in electrical engineering, Tesla professionally engaged linguistics, wrote poetry. Was fluent in eight languages, knew the music and philosophy.
Tesla lived in the most expensive hotels. The servants were surprised that he demanded daily eighteen fresh towels. If during dinner on the table sat a fly, forced the waiter to bring a new order. Today's psychiatrist would easily put the diagnosis - acute form mezofobii (fear of germs). Phobias and obsessive-compulsive disorder combined with Tesla with surprising energy. Walking down the street, he could sudden impulse to do a somersault. Or stay in the alley of the Park and read a couple of chapters by heart from "Faust". Sometimes froze and stood a long, hard about something thinking, not noticing anyone around. The inventor himself claimed that he could completely disable your brain from the outside world.
And in this state it descended "flash of enthusiasm", "inner vision" and "the attacks of hypersensitivity." In these minutes, scientists believe, penetrated his consciousness into the mysterious world of subtle. Rutherford called it "an inspired prophet of electricity". Indeed, Tesla knew all about electricity! He predicted the possibility of treatment of patients with high frequency, appearance of electric, fluorescent lamps, electronic microscope.
Squares and streets of new York covered by arc lamps design Tesla . The company employs its electric motors, transformers, generators, transformers, high-frequency equipment. Although Marconi received the first patent in the field of radio, but many of his proposals were rejected because Tesla managed to get a lot of patents on improvements in radio. In 1917, Tesla proposed the principle of devices for radio detection of submarines.
Whispered that the Martians
Many of his discoveries Tesla patented, does not even leave the drawings. Most of his diaries and manuscripts are preserved, and many inventions have survived only fragmentary information. And hundreds of legends. Tesla credited and the Tunguska catastrophe (1908). Tower Wardencliff through the ionosphere could give great energy to another part of the world. While the meteorite was never found... True, he has left the project in 1905. But all the equipment was in place... There is a suspicion that Tesla created a time machine or something like that. He insisted that his technical and scientific revelations received from the unified information field of the Earth.
It extended its radio devices, from there he took inaudible signals to anyone. In 1926 Tesla established a radio mast in those known as Waldorf-Astoria hotel and in his laboratory in new York. And caught a mysterious signals of anthropogenic nature of unknown origin, one of the possible sources which called Mars. The Newspapers of that time can be found mocking notes about relationships mad inventor with the Martians. But the scientist himself felt that more than serious: "in order to accomplish this miracle, I would give my life!" Tesla had other extraordinary abilities. One day, he felt a strong desire to hold their guests stayed with him, and literally force would not let them on the train. So to save them, perhaps from death, because the train really went off the rails, and many passengers were killed or injured.
Another time he had a dream that his sister Angelina terminally ill, died. And it was true.
Hey, let's ride
In 1931 Nikola Tesla demonstrated to the public mysterious car. From luxury limousine pulled gasoline engine and an electric motor installed. Then Tesla in the public eye placed under the hood nondescript box, from which protruded two rod and connect it to the engine. Saying, "Now we have energy," Tesla took the wheel and drove off. The car was tested weekly. She developed a speed of 150 km/h and, it seems, does not need recharging. Everyone asked Tesla : "Where does the energy?" He replied: "From the air". Perhaps today we would have went to the car with the eternal engine, if those - old -- the audience is not talking about evil spirits. Angered scientist took a mysterious box from the vehicle and carried to the laboratory. The mystery is not solved it yet.
Geniuses go unnoticed
Shortly before his death, Tesla announced that invented "death rays", which is able to destroy 10,000 aircraft, from a distance of 400 km On the secret rays no sound.
They said that in the last years of his life he worked on the construction of artificial intelligence. And wanted to learn to take pictures of thought, considering it's quite possible.
Tesla died on Christmas, January 7, 1943. In 86 years. In Europe there was the second world war, and projects for the military Department Tesla remained unfinished.
Maybe because he stubbornly refused to help doctors. In the morning the maid entered the room -- Tesla was lying on the bed dead. The body of the great inventor was cremated, and the urn with the ashes set to Fernkliffskom cemetery in new York. Thus ended the life of the mysterious, perhaps, of all the great scientists.
Where to go destroyer of invisibility
In the prewar years, Tesla began working on a secret project for the Navy Department of the USA. This includes the wireless transmission of power to defeat the enemy, and the creation of resonance weapons, and attempts to control time. From 1936 to 1942 he was Director of the project "rainbow" - Stealth technology, " which included the infamous Philadelphia experiment.
Nikola Tesla foresaw the possibility of loss of life and delay the experiment, insisted on remaking equipment. However, in conditions of war, it had neither the time nor the resources, and the victim is considered inevitable. Ten months after the death of Tesla's U.S. Navy conducted an experiment on the ship invisible to radar. To do this, the destroyer Eldridge" created "electromagnetic bubble" screen, which was given to the radiation of the ship by radar. With generators of Nikola Tesla. During the experiment revealed a completely unexpected side effect. The ship became invisible not only to radar. But to the naked eye. Moreover, witnesses claim that suddenly saw him in Norfolk, at a distance of hundreds of miles. For participating in the project people, this teleportation was a disaster. As the ship "moved" from the Philadelphia naval base in Norfolk and back, the members of the crew completely disoriented. In time and space. Back at the base, many could not move, not leaning on the wall. And was in a state of endless misery. Later, after a long period of rehabilitation, all team members were dismissed as "mentally unbalanced". In the end of the project "rainbow" cover. And the results of the experiment classified. There was actually no one knows. Author phantasmagoria that can explain what happened, was not alive.
Worlds open Tesla
Only now are we beginning to realize the door to the unknown world opened Nikola Tesla .
Kirlian effect, for example, was patented in 1949, and Tesla demonstrated the amazing glow effect "aura" of the items at the end of the XIX century. Half a century after Tesla juggled the ball molname, they tried to create a Nobel laureate P.L. Kapitsa. In 1980-ies of the experimental facility on the creation of ball lightning IM Shakhparonov received "by-product" in the form of magnetic graphite with unique properties. Moreover, the elements of the set was an unknown field, reduces coagulability of blood, improves the taste of food and even vodka. To date, the impact of strong magnetic fields on living organisms actually demonstrated in Japan, where "gravity" send frogs and dogs. In high magnetic fields animals "floating in the air". However, people still do not fly -- the consequences of these fields is not known.
Some scientists are now enthusiastic study of the torsion fields, and information about it are looking for in fragmentary records of Tesla . But they are running low.
Most diaries and manuscripts of Nikola Tesla disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
Where are they today? What secrets contain? Can be stored in safes Pentagon and are waiting for their hour.
Or maybe, as some biographers, Nikola Tesla burned them himself at the beginning of the Second world war, ensuring that this knowledge is too dangerous for mankind unreasonable...
See also a unique open collection of patents of inventions and technologies: Alternative devices and methods of reception, conversion and transmission of electrical energy
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