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Viewings: 4849Archaeologists from Britain's Leicester University in search of the remains of the English king Richard III. Under the asphalt on one of the city autoparkings Leicester found the remains of walls and two graves. Up to XVI century on this place there was a Franciscan monastery "gray brothers" - Greyfriars, the chapel which buried the ashes of king Richard III.
However, the burial took place only after his corpse exhibited naked for all to shame in the tavern The New Wake. It is currently unknown whether there were found remains of the wall part of the monastery fence.
How did the corpse of the last Plantagenet, there were many different rumors. Ten years after the death of his opponent's king Henry VII at its own expense ordered to put the remains of its predecessor in a marble sarcophagus and install over it alabaster statue. According to historical documents, Richard found last shelter in a choir at the Church Greyfriars - between the nave and the altar. After Henry VIII (1491-1547) ordered to eliminate the monastery Greyfriars, the remains of Richard III could lose in a nearby river Soar (Soar), although, perhaps, his ashes were left in Leicester, as evidenced by the memorial plaque on the Leicester Cathedral. They also said that the tomb of Richard III was used as a trough, in which poured water for the horses. According to another version, Alderman Herrick (join) in 1612 showed their guests the last shelter of Richard, which allegedly was located in its gardens.
On the pages of the Daily Telegraph archaeologist Richard Buckley (Richard Buckley) argues that the remains of the wall may be of Roman ruins, the walls of the monastery, and maybe those. Canadian Toronto Star reports that scientists will conduct a comparative analysis of DNA found the remains of the blood samples 55-year-old inhabitant of London Michael Ibsen (Michael Ibsen), a descendant of the elder sister of Richard III of Duchess Anna of York (Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter). However, regardless of the outcome of the quest, their work will not be in vain: findings able lot to tell about the city's history.
Since 1450 in England raged fratricidal civil war. Mental illness king and disputes of succession turned Lancaster and York in irreconcilable enemies. The emblem of the dynasty of Lancaster was a red rose in arms Yorkies - white. The war of the roses did not allow Britain to use its growing economic prosperity, while three competitors - Edward IV, Richard III and Henry VII -- not buried triumphed Tudors.
October 2, 1452, in fotheringhay castle (Fotheringhay or Fotheringay Castle) was born Richard III, who became king on August 6, 1483, and two years later was killed in the battle of Bosworth field (Bosworth Field of the suppression of a rebellion of Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond (Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond), the future Henry VII (Henry VII). During his brief reign of Richard III managed to implement a number of reforms, many of which anticipated the subsequent legislation of the Tudors.
Even opponents of Richard acknowledged that he was a good lawyer, who did so much to make life easier for people. In people's memory Richard remained good king, killed as a result of betrayal, much to the chagrin of the common people. But, according to modern historians, Richard turned out to be short-sighted politician. Excessive credulity, niiskusest in the intrigues and the lack of vigilance, so necessary statesman, has led to a chain edit different persons from the inner circle of Richard.
In fact, the outcome of the battle of Bosworth also predetermined the betrayal "the faithful and dedicated" magnate of the inner circle of the king, the Duke of Northumberland, who with his forces not engaged in battle. Surrounded on all sides, Richard III refused to flee and was killed with guns in their hands. Such a death overtook the only English monarch, except for semi-legendary Richard the Lionheart, who died during the siege of the fortress. Broken battle-axe Royal crown found in the bushes of hawthorn and immediately laid on the head of Henry Tudor.
Thanks to the historical drama of Shakespeare, became widely known scene on Bosworth field, of 22 August 1485, where crooks Richard III in despair shouted: A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse! - "The crown for a horse!", and falling from head a crown hanging on a Bush.
By the way, quite recently, in October 2009, had found the true home of the legendary battle of Bosworth. On the battlefield found cannonballs, fragments of armour and personal emblem of Richard III - plated silver icon in the form of a boar. It was suggested that this mark king handed one of the closest associates, but he lost it during the battle. Previously it was thought that the battle took place on the hill Ambien (Ambion) near the present village of Sutton Cheney (Sutton Cheney) in Leicestershire. However, archaeological excavations have revealed that the battle is over a mile to the southwest.
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