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Вредная или полезная: распространенные мифы о едеIn a large supermarket sometimes so hard not to get lost all the time in my head spinning numerous tips nutritionists and experts on healthy nutrition. We are told that you should avoid eggs - they cholesterol, and then argue that the eggs are all right, because the level of cholesterol in them is not harmful to the heart. Bewildered, people are desperate to shovel a basket full of different products, which is not really useful. In this article we will try to dispel some common myths about bad food and a little help in dealing with the question of what, if anything, can have.

In lettuce leaves little vitamins

Unfortunately, many people underestimate the salad and not consider him a meal. Meanwhile, he gives us a huge amount of antioxidants, minerals and nutrients. Besides, more often salad is used in raw form, but even during heat treatment he does not lose its useful properties. Romaine lettuce rich in vitamin C, and in Kress-salad, in addition to vitamins C and E, there are beta-carotene, which helps to neutralize the negative effects on the body of free radicals.
You need to eat salad as fresh as possible. Leaves, Packed in packages contain less vitamins because they fill "modified" air to prolong the salad life.

Soy contains no toxins

In recent years soy has gained considerable popularity among the adherents of a healthy diet. However, in addition to the use of soy beans carry natural toxins, the so-called anti-nutrients. And they have a phytic acid, which reduces the body's ability to absorb calcium, magnesium, copper, iron and zinc, and trypsin inhibitors, which prevent to digest protein.

During the process of fermentation most toxins disappears. Most healthy products from soy sauces are considered, and tofu, edamame beans should be consumed only in small numbers.

Skim milk is healthier whole

Many avoid milk because of its fat content. In fact, the average fat content of milk cow is only 3.7 - 5%. So if You don't drink it in liters, in the total amount consumed by You fat is not very affected. But skim and bold milk is less nutritious. The cream also contains vitamins A, D, E and K, which are important for the immune system and bones.

Syrup is not useful

It is well known that much sugar in the diet is bad. However, syrup, a product of processing of sugar cane or beet, contains extremely large amounts of calcium, potassium, manganese, copper and iron, and vitamin D. a Spoonful of molasses, added, for example, natural yoghurt, will turn it into a delicious and healthy dessert.

Rhubarb useful

Rhubarb, which many lady put in fruit drinks and cakes, contains useful soluble fiber, but the vitamins in it so small that the benefits did not justify the quantities of sugar, which will need to sweeten the dish.

From artificial sugar substitutes do not get fat

Artificial sweeteners have positioned as products, which gives a sweet taste, but do not contain calories. However, scientists have discovered that the way to deceive we manage only the language, but not the brain, and people who use them, still getting fat. According to one version, the organism will be waiting for sweet taste and calories, but not getting the last, begins on them real "hunting". The second version is that the brain is not getting satisfaction from the sugar substitute, makes us even more to want sweet and even provokes "sugar" dependence.

Any whole wheat bread is healthier white

Some types of bread from whole grains have a high glycemic index, therefore, like white bread, can cause high blood sugar in the blood. Consuming large number "wrong" wholegrain bread, people recover, but still hungry.

Cereals do not harm the digestive system

Rice, couscous and polenta contain vitamins b and E, and minerals manganese, magnesium and selenium. However, all this is contained in other products, such as eggs, meat or fish. As for the benefits of insoluble fibers that are cereals, on this occasion, expert opinions were divided. Some of them believe that these fibers can enhance digestion problems, particularly irritable bowel syndrome. But those fibers that are in the Bunting (soluble), the body perceives well.

Sitting on a diet, you can eat a baked potato

Unfortunately, the potato has a high glycemic index, which means the rapid increase in blood sugar levels, causing the release of insulin, which, in turn, prompts the body to store fat.
Potatoes contain less starch and not so quickly increases the blood sugar level. Old potatoes, even baked, should be avoided by those who want to lose weight.

Meat sausages are very harmful

Sausages have a bad reputation due to the high content of saturated fat. However, more studies confirm that natural saturated fats are a lot of benefits, in particular strengthen the immune system. So, sausages with lettuce, garnish of vegetables or beans - it is not so bad, you just need to choose those in which a lot of meat (85-90%).

Spreads better butter because they lower cholesterol

Scientists have researched the theory of communication cholesterol with cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, cholesterol is an important component of cell membranes, and even without it, the body cannot produce certain hormones - cortisol, estrogen and testosterone. Mantra "saturated fat is bad" is already obsolete, and the need to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood is called into question.

Spreads also contain phytosterols or stanely that may interfere with the absorption of certain vitamins, particularly vitamin that is, by the way, butter is a rich source of vitamin A.

Safe refined oil

Undoubtedly, polyunsaturated fats are very useful when they contain, for example, in oily fish. They reduce the pressure, protect against stroke and heart disease, improve brain functioning. And processed or refined fats found in refined vegetable oils is quite another thing. They become unstable and can easily become bitter when exposed to heat, oxygen or moisture. Then they produce dangerous free radicals which can damage the body and increase the risk of obesity, cancer, diabetes and heart disease. Specialists recommend to reduce consumption of these oils, possibly replacing them with unrefined olive. It is relatively stable, but still you cannot give it to burn.

You need to eat fewer eggs

Today scientists are not fully proved that the cholesterol that is found in egg yolks, is harmful for health. Meanwhile eggs is a source of high quality protein and vitamins. They are nutritious and well-to Breakfast. Therefore, if You eat one egg a day, You have nothing to worry about.

Grapes safe

It turns out that more pesticides contained in inorganic grapes. German experts as found in one of the samples of the remains of 26 types of pesticides. This is because the vine each year grow in the same place. Is "accumulation" of diseases and pests, causing plants require regular treatment chemicals.

Proper nutrition is the basis of youth and health. We are all, in principle, know about useful properties of those or other products. There is a lot of information on TV, in magazines, and everyone has a couple of friends who can tell the secret of health. In spite of such a widespread propaganda of useful properties of different products, you must always remember about the existence of the reverse side of the coin and to choose rationally and, importantly, yourself.

Palamarchuk Irina
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