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Viewings: 4233In 1820, in the valley of the Indus river at the base of a huge hill where there's a small Indian town of Harappa, were found the remains of some ancient villages. In 1853 here archeological excavations started, which resulted in the opening of a rectangular stone seals depicting animals and signs picture writing. The publication of this amazing discovery in 1875 caused a real sensation in the scientific world and found the writing was the most ancient in the Indian subcontinent, and many archaeologists saw her grandmother Indian writing!
Unfortunately, in 1856, when the construction of the railway Karachi, Lahore, ruins of the ancient city went to rubble. And only in 1921 here began the systematic archaeological excavations. In parallel, 600 km South-West from the Harappa, was opened the second place of ancient fragments, called Mohenjo-Daro, which means "hill of the dead". Here, as in the Harappa have also been found in samples of the oldest written language are only a stone seals.
Further research suggested that the area of distribution of this ancient Indian civilization almost twice the territory of Egypt of the old Kingdom. Impresses with its surprisingly high level - open city was built on previously developed plans, had straight, wide streets with houses built of fired brick, and, most surprisingly, had the sewage system. Urban residents grew wheat, barley, date palm, cotton, peas, flax, bred cows, Buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens and even elephants. In Mohenjo-Daro was used decimal system of calculation. In the homes of residents had baths and women enjoy spirits and lipstick!
Printing from the Harappa of ancient manuscripts
The discovery of the oldest, "Indus" civilization, the same age of the old Kingdom in Egypt (about 3000 BC), represents perhaps the most important archaeological discovery of our century. This civilization has existed for more than 1000 years and died in the II Millennium B.C. Most scientists believe that the cause of death was the invasion of nomadic tribes of the Aryans.
Mysterious stone seals for the most part were drilled. This gave reason to believe that they could serve or amulets, or used in the form of tags that attach to the various goods. Brevity inscriptions on seals is one of the reasons why they are still not decrypted.
In 1928, the Czech ethnographer Including Loukotka came up with absurd at first glance, the idea is to compare the Indus letters by writing kochou rongo-rongo Easter island, located thousands of kilometers from India! The result was stunning: many of the signs of these letters coincided!
Hungarian researcher W. von Hevesy conducted a thorough analysis of both writing and in 1932 he made a sensational statement at the French Academy of inscriptions in Paris. The scientist said that the number of characters in each of the scripts is approximately the same and is about 400; but the main thing - about 25 percent of the characters have the same style, there are related!
What objections are put forward by opponents of the hypothesis Hevesi! Argentinian Alfred Metro, specialist for culture of Easter island, accused Hevesi of falsification of some characters, distorted face and change their proportions. In defense Hevesi made Englishman hunter, a specialist in the Indus culture, which categorically denied allegations of fraud. He was supported by other famous scientists.
Austrian archaeologist R. von Heine-Geldern showed that the writings of Easter island are similar not only to Indus, but with picturesque ancient Chinese writings, and also with picturesque letter, existing still some ethnic groups in southern China. On the basis of this similarity, the scientist put forward the hypothesis that the writing originated in Central Asia or in Iran, where he got into the Indus valley, and then to China and then through Polynesia to Easter island. In 1951, R. von Koenigswald established the similarity between the image of birds in the ornaments of the Indonesian island of Sumatra and "talking boards" Easter island. There are instructions on the similarity of these signs with pictures of frigate birds in the Solomon Islands. Supporters of the theory Hevesi note that the gap in the space between India and Easter island was not so great, if to take into account the settlement area of the ancient tribes of the Indian subcontinent.
Argentine scientist Agricultural Imbellone pushed the distribution area of writing "wooden boards" of Mohenjo-Daro in the South. In the caves of Ceylon have also been found inscriptions, very similar characters. The same similarity scientist discovered and with the writings of the people of Lolo living on the border between China and Vietnam, which, according to some researchers, are the bridge between the writings of the ancient India, Indonesia and Indochina, on the one hand, and with the writing systems of Japan and China on the other. Imbellone made and broad claims that seem quite logical and correct: the writings of Easter island, the valley IDA, Ceylon caves, the people of Lolo and mysterious writing residents Caroline Islands - all the different phases of a single "Indo-Pacific graphics system"!
Believed So Bartel, s Suggs and some other scholars, in Polynesia once existed letter, which over time has been lost, while on Easter island and it has survived.
Identified commonality and certain kinship between languages and characters "Indo-Pacific systems" at first glance confirm assumptions about the existence at the place of the territory of modern Polynesia mainland Pacifica. This hypothesis was supported by famous Russian scientists academicians V.A. Obruchev and V.V. Belousov, famous Western geologists Economics, Susi and E. Warranty. Not less famous, especially the academician of the M.A. Menzbir in the book "Secrets of the Great ocean" defended the point of view according to which Pacifica "sunk" in the recent past, when it was inhabited by people, and the numerous Islands of Polynesia are remnants of a vanished continent.
However, the latest research of the bottom of the Pacific ocean with the help of drilling suggest that there has never been a single continent. At the same time in Polynesia discovered thousands of underwater volcanoes that before, at the lower level of the ocean, could be an island. In particular, many seamounts are in the area of Easter.
On this basis, we can talk not about the sunken continent, and the sunken archipelago, which could be large Islands, and small, who served as bridges connecting the continents. This archipelago facilitated cultural link between East and West. It is characteristic that in the legends of the Polynesians stories about the sunken lands occupy an important place.
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