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Viewings: 4401"Man cannot solve the problem, thinking the same way that gave it birth". So argued albert Einstein. Cosmologists adhering to the Big Bang theory, clearly demonstrate the effect of this principle. They dogmatically insist that their "scientific" theory reliable, but it is assumed that science must deal not infallible doctrine, but testable hypotheses.
However, other scientists are still trying to confirm the theory of the experimental results. Eric Lerner, an award-winning science writer and author of "the Big Bang never happened", belongs just to the second group. According to Lerner, cosmology of the Big Bang is one big mistake.
The big Bang is not an explosion in the traditional sense of the word. This is a specific and dramatic expansion of space-time. When the expansion of space-time, galaxies go in different directions simultaneously. In the course of expanding the matter is distributed almost evenly, so that the universe looks the same in every point - that is, is homogeneous.
By 1986, we already knew that it is not. Groups of galaxies form of galactic clusters, which are connected together in even larger complexes. In addition to the long snake-like complexes galactic clusters, which would be required under standard conditions about a hundred billion years on the formation of the universe as a whole is quite empty. It is not homogeneous, and has no age about twenty billion years, as required by the standard model.
Left: the planet at a decreasing rate; right: stars with the same speed
Gravitational forces allegedly created and the solar system and galaxy. However, the solar system to have planets orbital velocities are reduced with increasing distance from the star, while the galactic systems consist of stars that twist in the spiral arm with rates which remain the same regardless of the distance to the centre. The Big Bang cosmologists are still at a loss to explain this difference. In both cases, there are many problems with angular points. That you did not speak of traditional textbooks, balls of hydrogen in space not become stars themselves. For the process of formation of stars need the gas compression due to the shock wave caused by the explosion of another star. How can we develop this very star?
Satellite Kobe measured cosmic Background radiation, which presumably is an echo of the early big Bang, in those times, when the universe was still compact. Agree theory, this radiation is not meant to be completely even, it had to be small variations which would attest to the availability of grain in the galactic matter. The data of the satellite Kobe showed the presence of extremely small variations is hundred times less than that predicted by the theory. Hypothetical parameters and estimates have been significantly modified to begin to correspond to the data obtained, which means that cosmologists are still not have a reliable basis for building a model of the universe.
Recent data obtained from observations of supernova, showed that the rate of expansion of the universe is higher than expected, and the advocates of the Big Bang hastened to add to the equation more energy to explain this acceleration. However, all the visible energy in the universe yields to calculation, so they introduced the energy that cannot be seen, and they called the "dark energy". Today they believe that the universe is made of 70 percent of "dark energy", 27 percent of the "dark matter", and only about 2-3 percent of the visible stars and gas nebulae. However, the increasing acceleration expansion means that the universe 10-12 billion years younger than assumes the standard theory, according to which the age of the universe - about 20 billion years. That is, the present age of the universe about 8-10 billion years. (The author of the loosely drawn with numbers, as in the conventional model, taking into account the accelerated expansion of the universe, its age is about 13.75 billion years;)
In other words, the standard Big Bang theory is under a lot of things that had to introduce to the theory consistent with the observed phenomena. But today there exist and are being developed and other theories that try to consider all available facts. For example, Eric Lerner is developed another theory - the theory of electromagnetic universe, based on the idea of doctor Alvina, plasma physics. Plasma can be artificially produced in the laboratory and gives a much more mechanisms through which it is possible to explain the origin of the solar systems and galaxies. Today, this theory has not yet received the recognition of the scientific community and is an alternative.
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