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Удивительные находки Доколумбовой эпохиAmazing findings obtained during the archaeological excavations, completely change usual ideas about the history and cast doubt on what America was discovered by Christopher Columbus.

So who all the same discovered America? Did Columbus predecessors? Candidates are quite a lot - this ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs and the Phoenicians, the Vikings, the Chinese and Japanese. Spanish researchers conducted an analysis of the remains found in Iceland, and concluded that the indigenous people of America launched a Europe for several centuries before them opened Columbus. The remains, which were examined by scientists, refer to the 10th century. Just then, according to researchers in Europe arrived first Indians. And Columbus arrived on the American continent only in 1492. Although, there is a version that much earlier this in America visited the Vikings. It is quite possible that on the shores of America, they brought with her on the way back Indians.

Evidence that the Vikings did come in ancient America, is a tiny coin that was found in Canada in Newfoundland near Viking settlement in LANs-about-Mido. Archaeologists-lovers in 1957 made excavations in Maine on a farm Goddard. They found thousands of fragments of pottery and stone tools native American culture, and strange coin. This finding has initially taken for the English penny 12th century and inexplicably ignored. And only 20 years later farm Goddard accidentally visited a specialist on numismatics and recognized in the coin Norwegian penny that was minted in the period between 1068 and 1093 years under king Olaf. This discovery created quite a sensation - for the first time, here was proof that the country vines (Vinland) actually corresponds to its name and is located in New England where grows wild grapes.

Researchers conducted a large-scale excavations, but no other evidence of the Viking age is not found. For this reason, the prospect of opening in New England of Vinland again drifted away. However, archaeologists have suggested that some versions of Maine could be penny. The coin was done by a small hole, and it could be hung on a string. This suggests that, at the time of loss of a coin is not used as a monetary tool. This conjecture is confirmed by radiocarbon Dating of the settlement in the area of the farm Goddard American Indians, which accounted for 13 century - a century after the coin was minted at the Mint.

Although the coin was the only record in this area, related to the Viking era, many other objects have fallen into the farm of Goddart clearly from the North. Throughout the area of the excavations guns made from rocks that generally occur on the Peninsula Labrador. One of such tools belong to the species, which is known only from Inuit, while partly living in Labrador. Currently an indirect relationship between the Vikings and American Indians in Maine through eskimo traders is the most likely explanation travel amazing Norwegian coins. It is also a reminder that the Vikings had visited Labrador once abandoned his dream of a permanent settlements in America.

But in pre-Columbian visits to American shores are suspected not only of the Vikings. In new Mexico lives mysterious Zuni, whose members speak in a language that is not like any one of the local dialects. It is rather like a Japanese - match very much. The first extraordinary resemblance noticed a student Nancy Davis, who studied anthropology. Because of this there was a theory about contacts ancient Indians with ancient Japanese.

U.S. and Ecuadorian archaeologists in 1956, jointly carried out excavations of the ancient Valdivia in the South of Ecuador and outstanding results. As it turned out, the ancient people of unknown culture 4th Millennium BC already knew how to make pottery. Archaeologists in 1960 on the light drew red clay jug, which in many ways is to ceramic products of Japanese culture, known as jamon. However, a detailed comparison of Ecuadorian and Japanese samples of pottery was difficult because the American archeologists were not familiar with this culture. So they went to Japan to study the collection of antiquities. The results obtained by scientists, has surpassed all expectations. They were able to identify similar items in ceramics of these crops, which are at a distance of thousands of kilometers from each other. Moreover, they found in Japan, the area where it was especially a lot in common - the island of Kyushu. The similarity of products from Japan with clay Ecuadorian dishes were so close that was necessary only one conclusion - ancient ceramic complex Valdivia was of Asian origin. But as on the coast of Ecuador could get the Japanese ceramics?

Some time later there were other similar artifacts. In Ecuador found, and other incredible findings. Archaeologist E. Estrada studied the monuments of the ancient culture of the Indians in the Bahia de Caracas and the main focus of clay toys, which represented a carefully hand-sculpted statues and houses. Among them were action figures, depicting people with long beards, sitting cross-legged in a typical Japanese position. And the roofs of the houses were with curved corners, reminiscent of the Asian pagodas. Also been found relief drawings with the image of men, bearing Japanese-Korean arm. They are very similar to the monuments of those countries that date back to the 1st century ad. So is the Japanese sailors still visited the coast of South America more than two thousand years ago?
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